The capital of Mexico, Mexico City is the most populous and largest city in the country with a population of approximately 8,918,653 (population density of 5920 persons per km2). It alone accounts for 17.7% of the national GDP. This city is undoubtedly the economic engine of Mexico! 


This city was built on the ruins of the ancient pre-Columbian city "Tenochtitlan", after the defeat of the fall of the Aztec Empire in 1521, against the Spanish conquerors, led by Hernan Cortes (as explained in the previous article) .

It is located in the center of the city, the ancient place of foundation of Tenochtitlan, by the Aztecs, which is listed on UNESCO World Heritage.

This site has been rehabilitated by experts and archaeologists carry out excavations even now. It is also the current center of political power (presidential palace) and religious (metropolitan cathedral). There are still all the buildings dating from the Spanish and French colonization. 


The city of Mexico has several faces, that of a city where some historical districts still contain ruins, but it is also modern, and has enough to satisfy tourists and foreign companies. Although Mexico receives half of federal public investment, this city has urban problems such as the problem of pollution and the supply of water: the city has had to be supplied with water thanks to the upper basin of the Lerma River.

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