THE MAYAN CIVILISATION

The Mayan civilization (2600 BC) extended from Yucatan to Honduras through Guatemala. It reached its apogee around 250 AD, and its extinction began around 900 until 1200 AD for reasons still unclear.

 

 The Mayan civilization is based on its religious beliefs, which is the basis of their culture (such as belief in the influence of the cosmos on human existence and the need to pay homage to the gods by rituals).

This civilization is known for its progress in the fields of writing, art, architecture, agriculture, mathematics and astronomy, which it realized thanks to the legacies left by civilizations Older ones like the Olmecs.

This civilization has distinguished itself thanks to its many inventions, and prowess in certain areas:

Astronomy: sophisticated calendars

Architecture: temples pyramids, palaces. Experts believe that because of the many constructions made, the Mayans had slaves they had acquired during battles. Agriculture: construction of underground water reservoirs to irrigate crops .

 

Maya society was made up of many independent states, but in general the governmental system was hierarchical and power belonged to the nobles and the king.

The nobility and the priests lived in the city, and the people, made of peasants, lived in the neighborhood of the city. The basis of the Mayan economy was agriculture, the peasants cultivated corn, cotton and cocoa, which they used as currency so much its culture had gained importance.

Mayan history is characterized by periods of greatness, and other decline, which explains the succession of many flourishing cities.

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