3 juin 2016

Sharing economy

In 2014, economy sharing's turnover was 3.5 billions dollars. The potential value of the five sharing economy sectors will total $335bn by 2025. According to the website: the people who share, "economy of sharing refers to the use and access of shared physical or human resources or assets, rather than the fact there is no monetary exchange. A sharing Economy enables different forms of value exchange and is a hybrid economy." Nevertheless, no ones has the same definition of collaborative economics, for instance some people argue there is no monetary exchange and others think the opposite.


Sharing economy never stop increasing since a while. Nowadays everyone knows it thanks to big companies like Bla Bla Car, Airbnb and Uber. The concept is recent hence it does not exist a clear definition. Collaboration economics have many assets in environment field, social field and economic field. We do not have to limit economy sharing to the exchange of goods, indeed it is also included exchange of knowledge and know-how. 

Collaborative economics is a good remedy to the current economic crisis, in fact it links economy with environmental concerns.

The concept will increase through a high visibility and through financing inter alia.  Nevertheless, there are some limits. First, Uber's scandal in France shows the drawbacks. Sharing economy could provok unfair competition, it is the role of the government to define the concept. That could creates a conflict between the capitalist economy and sharing economy. Not only is a problem with unfair competition but also with the change of purposes inside the company. Following the success, some companies could drive sharing economy's values away. It is the case with Airbnb, for many owners is a business and they do not share the values specific to economics collaborative. Furthermore, many people doubt about the durability of the concept. 

In order to make durable the concept, it is important to create a legal framework and an economic framework. Also, have a clear definition is indispensable. ​

 In the Netherlands 

Economic minister Kamp wants to develop Sharing economy in the country. He wants to create specific laws in order to adapt the country to a new type of economy. He higlights his desire to cooperate more with companies as Uber and Airbnb. Nevertheless, UberPop is illegal in the country. The country is ready to elaborate this change. In fact, the population is already aware about environmental concerns. Biking, sharing are a part of the way of life of Dutch people. Other proof, 84% of population have a favorable opinion about sharing economy. 

There are many companies of sharing in the country like Peerby ( share goods between neigboors), Konnektid ( sharing of knowledge) and Snappcar ( location of cars between neigbours).

Amsterdam has a partnership with "ShareNL". This platform allows to define the concept and also they work with companies of sharing in order to develop Economics collaboratives.

"The project was initiated as a response to several observations:

  • a willingness to share in the city of Amsterdam (84% of the Amsterdam citizens showed motivation to share);
  • an established digital infrastructure with more than 90% of the citizens with online access
  • an environment that encourages sharing economy start-ups; an atmosphere of promoting innovation
  • entrepreneurial spirit and ambitious initiatives within circular- and sharing economy and sustainability
  • and the potential of applying the Sharing City concept in Seoul to a European city."

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