History and status :
Calligraphy is the art of lines, or strokes. In ancient times, calligraphy was a skill that scholars were required to possess.
Wang Xizhi of the Jin Dynasty has been known as the most famous ancient Chinese calligrapher? His works are universally recognizes as the peak of Chinese calligraphy.
The four treasures of the study :
The tools (brush, ink, paper) and inkstone are called « the four treasures of the study ».