The Hanfu :
It is a traditional clothe which was worn by Hans ethnie before the Qing dynasty. (1600-1000 BC)
It has another name :the Huafu
Japanese kimonos and Corean Hanbok are inspired by the Hanfu.
The Yellow Emperor and his ministers would be at the origin of this clothe.
Linked of breeding silkworm because the Emperor’s wife Leizu whom discovered the silk culture.
The antic Hanfu for man was only worn of high class society at the Shang dynasty (16th century).
It is a tunic tightened at the wrists up to the knees and held by a large belt that is a narrow skirt up to the ankles worn with a bixi : a piece of tissue reaching the knees.
Often the colors are blue and black and bright primary colors because of dyeing techniques of that time.
The following dynasties changed a bit the type of these clothes like the skirt up to the breast which was typical of the Tang Dynasty (618-907 BC).
Under the Qing dynasty founded by the Mandchoues, Hanfu has been forbidden and the braid was imposed for Han’s men and women had to wear Qipao
Main characteristics :
Crossed collar and folded fabric on the right side.
Often with a belt at the size.
There are two categories : One that can be wear every day at work or somewhere else and the one for special occasions.
For men :
The QiPao :
It is a feminine clothe which is a long dress goes from the shoulders to the heels with a « Mao collar ».
It belongs to Mandchoues people.
Qipao’s are in silk
It has been modernized and is now fashionable at the beginning of the 20th century under named « Changshan ». Dresses are now shorter : first below the calf and now above the knee.
The sleeves were first long but a lot of variation appeared : short, absent, balloon and so on… But the collar did not changed. The most famous model has a wide slot on the thigh that allows to have more freedom with our moves and the design is prettier.
It was worn by women that were at the court in order to not reveal their body’s curves. At the 20the century the design changed and we could see a bit more of their body and allow them to wear jacket or coat on it.
It was a sign of a Chinese woman who were modern and dynamic.
It has been forbidden in China when Mao Zedong had the power and had to wear an imposed outfit.
This clothe has been popularized by the western imagination and Shanghai’s cinema. Some actresses in vogue that showed their curves with it helped the Qipao to be a trend.
It is composed by two pieces : a tunic that goes until the knee and a skirt or trousers that hides the ankles with voluminous sleeves .
It was considered as a ceremonial dress for important occasions.
The dress alone was worn to show that women were well dressed.
This unique two pieces of dress were mostly available in different color which represent different meaning in ancient China (red = summer, green = winter…)
Naxis clothes :
The Naxi people being in Yunnan Province.
The Naxi woman wears a dress usually blue, black or white and embroidered at the sleeves. She covers the pants and adds a little apron in front of her dress.
They also wear boat-shaped shoes with this outfit.
What distinguishes them essentially is the cloak she wears on her back, she is made from sheepskin and is adorned with 7 circular patterns representing the stars and the Big Dipper.
Men wear a dark blue coat.