India is a land of diversities and it is visible with the number of religions. The major religions of India are Hinduism, around 80% of the population. There is after Hinduism, Islam (largest minority religion), Sikhism, Christianity, Buddhism, Jainism, Zoroastrianism, Judaism and the Bahá'í Faith.
People of different religions and obviously different cultures have not always lived in harmony, but we can see a message of love and brotherhood by all the religions and cultures of India with the celebration of festival. An indian, before being Hindu or Muslim is Indian.
People are respectful of other religions. All believe in a God, but who is present in different aspects. We can hear the Muezzin from the nearby mosque singing 5 times a day but also hear the drums and songs of a Hindu pujas. For Diwali, one of the biggest Hindou festival, especially in Mumbai, there are lots of lantern and light in all the town, even if this aeras in Christian. And for Christmas, in the Christian region like Goa, we can see lots and lots of big Crib in the street or in front of the house.
This is the dominant religion in India and one of the eldest religion in the world. Hinduism is also known as "Sanatan Dharma" or the everlasting religion. Hinduism includes a diversity of ideas on spirituality and traditions, but has no ecclesiastical order, no unquestionable religious authorities, no prophet nor any binding holy book. Hindus believe that all living creatures have a soul. This soul – the spirit or true "self" of every person, is called the ātman. The soul is believed to be eternal. There is 3 gods in one : Brahmâ, Shiva or Vishnu and Shakti.
One of the prominent religions of India, Islam forms about 12 per cent of India's population. Though India's contact with Islam had begun much earlier. Muslim people belive in one God, Allah. The holy book is the Quran and the 1st Prophet was Mahomet, who recive the God’s instruction and wrote them in the Quran
Christianity is one of the prominent religions in India. Even if there are only 2,3 %, there are about 25 million Christians. Christian people belive in one God but with 3 personnality, The Father, The Son and The Holy Spirit. The Holy Bible tells the story of the Jews before the coming of Christ in the Old Testament and the birth of Christendom with Jesus in the New Testament. At the head of the Church, there is a Pope.
The philosophy of Buddhism is based on the teachings of Lord Buddha, Siddhartha Gautama, a royal prince of Kapilvastu, India. Buddhist schools vary on the exact nature of the path to liberation, the importance and canonicity of various teachings and scriptures, and especially their respective practices.
Sikhs form about 2 per cent of Indian population. In comparison to other religions, Sikhism is a younger religion. The word 'Sikh' means a disciple and thus Sikhism is essentially the path of discipleship. The true Sikh remains unattached to worldly things.
Judaism is an monotheistic religion, with the Torah as its foundational text and supplemental oral tradition represented by later texts such as the Midrash and the Talmud. Judaism is considered by religious Jews to be the expression of the covenantal relationship that God established with the Children of Israel.
Jains form less than one percent of the Indian population. For centuries, Jains are famous as community of traders and merchants. The states of Gujarat and Rajasthan have the highest concentration of Jain population in India. The Jain religion is traced to Vardhamana Mahavira
Though the total number of Zoroastrians in Indian population is very less yet they continue to be one of the important religious communities of India. According to the 2001 census, there were around 70,000 members of the Zoroastrian faith in India. Most of the Parsis (Zoroastrians) live in Maharashtra (mainly in Mumbai) and the rest in Gujarat.